Blood is the key to understanding weight management:

First – what effects does obesity have on your body and your blood?

CHOLESTEROL

Having high blood cholesterol puts you at risk of heart disease, the leading cause of death in the United States.

People with high cholesterol have about twice the risk of heart disease as people with lower levels. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance. Your body needs some cholesterol, but it can build up on the walls of your arteries and lead to heart disease and stroke when you have too much in your blood.

Georgia is ranked 18th in the nation for High Cholesterol
37.3% of Georgians have High Cholesterol
Less than half of adults with high LDL cholesterol get treatment


HDL (Good) Cholesterol:

With HDL (good) cholesterol, higher levels are better. Low HDL cholesterol (less than 40 mg/dL for men, less than 50 mg/dL for women) puts you at higher risk for heart disease.

Less than 40 mg/dL (for men) Less than 50 mg/dL (for women) Low HDL cholesterol. A major risk factor for heart disease.60 mg/dL and above High HDL cholesterol. An HDL of 60 mg/dL and above is considered protective against heart disease.

LDL (Bad) Cholesterol:

  • Less than 100 mg/dL
  • Optimal 100 to 129 mg/dL
  • Near or above optimal 130 to 159 mg/dL
  • Borderline high 160 to 189 mg/dL
  • High 190 mg/dL and above Very high

Triglycerides:

Triglyceride is the most common type of fat in the body. Many people who have heart disease or diabetes have high triglyceride levels. Normal triglyceride levels vary by age and sex. A high triglyceride level combined with low HDL cholesterol or high LDL cholesterol seems to speed up atherosclerosis (the buildup of fatty deposits in artery walls).

  • Less than 100 mg/dL
  • Optimal Less than 150 mg/dL
  • Normal 150–199 mg/dL
  • Borderline high 200–499 mg/dL
  • High 500 mg/dL
  • Very high 500 mg/dL and above

DIABETES

Diabetes is a group of diseases marked by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both.

General Diabetes stats-Number of Georgians with diabetes:

In Georgia, more than 2.1 million adults are obese and more than 720,000 adults have diabetes.

Georgia is ranked 28th in the nation for the amount of people who have diabetes

An overall of 9.9% of Georgians are diabetic

Georgia is ranked 35th in nation with children with diabetes

13.5% of adults 45-64 have been diagnosed with diabetes

There are 9.9% rate of new cases of diabetes diagnosed each year

Type 2 Diabetes is a common and increasingly prevalent illness that is largely preventable. In adults, Type 2 Diabetes accounts for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes; the remainder are adult-onset (or adult-diagnosed) Type 1 Diabetes, a genetic form of diabetes that is not preventable.

BLOOD PRESSURE

Blood Pressure Levels
  • Normal systolic: less than 120 mmHg
  • diastolic: less than 80mmHg
  • At risk (prehypertension)systolic: 120–139 mmHg
  • diastolic: 80–89 mmHg—–Highsystolic: 140 mmHg or higher
  • diastolic: 90 mmHg or higher

32.2% of Georgia adults have Hypertension

69% of people who have a first heart attack, 77% of people who have a first stroke, and 74% of people with chronic heart failure have high blood pressure. High blood pressure is also a major risk factor for kidney disease.

More than 348,000 American deaths in 2009 included high blood pressure as a primary or contributing cause.

High blood pressure costs the nation $47.5 billion annually in direct medical expenses and $3.5 billion each year in lost productivity

About half (47%) of people with high blood pressure have their condition under control